Article 93 of the Uniform Code of Military Justice (UCMJ) is a provision that outlines the offense of "Cruelty and Maltreatment." The article states that any person subject to the UCMJ who is guilty of cruelty toward, or oppression or maltreatment of, any person subject to his or her orders shall be punished as a court-martial may direct.
The term "cruelty" refers to conduct that is brutal or inhumane, while "maltreatment" refers to behavior that is abusive, cruel, or neglectful. The article applies to all members of the military, including officers and enlisted personnel, and includes both physical and emotional abuse.
Examples of conduct that may constitute cruelty or maltreatment under Article 93 include physically assaulting or verbally berating a subordinate, subjecting a service member to excessive workloads or unreasonable restrictions, or withholding necessary medical treatment. The severity of the punishment for a violation of Article 93 will depend on the nature and extent of the misconduct, but it can include a dishonorable discharge, forfeiture of pay and allowances, and confinement for a term of years.