Migration refers to the movement of people from one place to another, either within the same country or across international borders, with the intention of settling in a new place for a prolonged period of time. Migration can occur for various reasons, including economic, social, political, and environmental factors. People may migrate to seek better job opportunities, escape poverty, persecution or conflict, reunite with family members, or seek a better quality of life. Migration can be voluntary or forced, and it can occur in large or small numbers. It is a complex phenomenon that has significant social, economic, and political implications for both the origin and destination countries.