Jamestown was a settlement established in 1607 by the Virginia Company of London, which was a joint-stock company chartered by King James I of England. It was located on the James River in what is now the state of Virginia, USA. Jamestown was the first permanent English settlement in North America, and it played a crucial role in the early years of the colonization of the continent. The settlement struggled to survive in its early years due to disease, famine, and conflicts with Native American tribes, but it eventually grew and became the capital of the Virginia Colony. Jamestown is now a historic site and a popular tourist destination, and it is recognized as an important part of American history.